There are several prophecies about the Messiah in the book of Isaiah, and chapter 11, verses 1 through 5 is one example of that.
Verse one says, “The royal line of David is like a tree that has been cut down; but just as new branches sprout from a stump, so a new king will arise from among David’s descendants.”
Most other translations use language more similar to the way the English Standard Version renders the verse: There shall come forth a shoot from the stump of Jesse, and a branch from his roots shall bear fruit.
Why is David mentioned in the Good News Translation and Jesse in most of the others? Well, think about David’s lineage. Jesse was David’s father. David is referred to in several places in the Old Testament as the “son of Jesse”. Also, remember the promise God made to David that there would always be a descendant of his on the throne.
Here in verse 1, the Messiah is described as a new branch that comes from a stump, or again as it is rendered in other translations “…a shoot from the stump of Jesse…”. So why is Jesse referred to instead of David? Some commentators say that it is because Jesse, not being a king himself but a farmer and raised sheep, lived a humble life. When Jesus was born, the house of David had been brought quite low. Mary and Joseph seem to have had very little. There was really no outward evidence that they were descendants of David.
One last thing I want to point out. Verse 2 begins in the Good News Translation with the words “The spirit of the Lord will give him wisdom and the knowledge and skill to rule his people.”
Most others use language the same as, or very similar to this from the English Standard Version:
And the Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him,
the Spirit of wisdom and understanding,
the Spirit of counsel and might,
the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord.
Again, I like this much better because of what we read in the gospel of Luke, chapter 4. After Jesus was tempted by satan in the desert, he began his ministry, and scripture says that the power of the Holy Spirit was with him. Sound familiar? He started in Galilee, and was praised by everyone when he taught in the synagogues. Then he went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up. He went to the synagogue there, and when he stood up to read the scriptures he was handed the scroll of Isaiah. And he unrolled the scroll to this very verse we are looking at today. And he began with the words, “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me,” And He continued reading, “because he has chosen me to bring good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind,
to set free the oppressed 19and announce that the time has come when the Lord will save his people.” When he was finished reading, he sat down. All eyes were on Him. And then He said, “This passage of scripture has come true today, as you heard it being read.”
Yes. Jesus said Himself that His coming was prophesied in Isaiah.
There is much more to come.